ایران نوین

ایران نوین

Saturday, June 16, 2012

TEHRANGELES

 

 

 




Tehrangeles is a portmanteau (1) deriving from the combination or Tehran (2) the capital of Iran (3), and Los angels (4). It is used when referring to the large number (estimates range from 700,000 to 800,000) of former Persians and their descendants residing in the Los Angeles metropolitan area; it is the largest such population outside of Iran. In common usage, it usually refers to the proportionally larger Persian Americans subset of Iranian immigrants, many of whom are second-generation citizens. 



 

 Click to watch the video- link below :

Celebrating IRAN vs. USA in Tehrangeles 

 





This area is now officially recognized by the City of Los Angeles as "Persian Square"(5). The Persian community in the L.A. area originally centred in the West- wood (6)neighbourhood of west Los Angeles, particularly Westwood Boulevard between Pico Boulevard and the UCLA (7)campus, often referred to as Little Persia or Persian Hills/Persian Square. It is between Beverly Hills(8) and west Los- Angeles(9) . Immigration to the area increased several-fold due to the events surrounding the 1979 Iranian revolution (10). Westwood Boulevard became known for its many Persian shops (15) and restaurants; and the Persian expatriate community of Los Angeles entered all forms of media including magazines, newspapers, and radio and television stations.
Los Angeles' Persian population — the nation's highest concentration Persian American community — is representative of all of Iran's religious groups. Noticeably, the majority of Jewish Iranians (11) in the world, after Israel, reside in Los Angeles. Persian Jews make up a large percentage, if not the majority, of Persians in Los Angeles. They maintain a presence in many upscale neighbourhoods. The famous Beverly Hills has a clear Jewish majority among its Persian community (12), and is the location of a large Farsi-speaking synagogue (Nessah Synagogue). The L.A.-adjacent Orange County (13) is home to predominantly Muslim Persians. Glendale, California's Persian American population is mostly Armenian Christian (14). They are reflecting the diversity of the community.
Mr. Bijan Khalil- the owner of sherkat e ketab (book store)(16)- who is one of the first Persian business man in L.A. said,” Persian community always looks for a good area to live, maybe it is the reason why chose west Los Angeles as one of the best part of Los Angeles and near to UCLA. In 1978, Westwood was one of the main Persian destinations and there were only two Persian Stores, one grocery and one Attary (17) Sandwiches, which was established by Mrs. Afsar Adl in 1974”.
Tehrangeles is the biggest place of Persian Pop Music production (18). After the revolution in Iran and prohibition of music inside Iran, many singers and music producers moved to L.A.

 







 

Production needs distribution and sell. Aabas Chaman Aara the owner of Music Box (19) in Tehrangeles, that had established Beethoven Company(20) in Iran years before revolution said:” when visitors come in and see so many cassettes, CDs and videotape, they cannot believe that we have so many singers and such vast production in L.A.  




(19)


In Tehrangeles, there more than 35 Television channels and Radio stations that broadcast 24 hours a day, different programs( Entertainment, music, news, political discussions etc.) and many Iranian all around the globe receive them through internet and satellite. These programs are prohibited inside Iran and the Islamic militia use different tools like confiscating satellite dishes and sending harmful frequencies to ban people to access these programs. This televisions, Radios and especially Persian pop music are the most powerful factors that keep Persian language and Culture alive through the second and third generation of Persians outside Iran. Beside that, there are some Persian schools like Khayam (20) to help this culture and language stay fresh.
Among different Persian ceremonies that attract many Persians from different generation, nowruz (21) is the most favourite one. It is one of the main reasons, which keeps Persian Identity through the last centuries and does not let it change like the people of Egypt to Arab or pure Muslim through its long history. Nowruz ceremony starts with Char- shanbe soori(Fire Festival)(29), celebrated New Year(22)(25) and finish with Sizdah-be-dar(23)(24) ceremony.   
In Tehrangeles, there are estimably ten thousands Persian businesses (26) in very different branches that every one feels a Persian atmosphere in United States. Even one can find the unique Persian sport (27) and its Halls (28) here in Tehrangeles.


Nima N.

Saturday, June 2, 2012

Persian Parade in New York




Persian Parade in New York



Every culture celebrates the change in seasons in some fashion, but few are as ancient, colourful and full of symbolism as the traditional ceremonies for the beginning of the Persian New Year, or Nowruz(1), marking the first day of spring.
Nowruz(2) is all about hope. With the first day of spring, the New Year celebration represents rebirth and hope - and Nowruz is a way for the children to celebrate and learn about their cultural background, just like so many other people in America have done.
The range and variety of Nowruz celebrations reflect the richness and diversity of Persian culture in the United States, which includes the people of many nations and ethnic backgrounds that were once part of the greater Persian Empire(3).
Highlight of Nowruz celebrations in the United States has been annual Persian Parade in Madison avenue New York (4). As of March of 2004, few visionary Persian Americans used this majestic celebration as a platform to not only advertise and celebrate the deep culture, but more than anything, pass the Persian Identity and Pride to our next generation.
The New York Persian Parade was established in the State of New York as a not-for-profit organization in 2004. The mission of the Persian Parade is to promote and introduce Persian culture (5), its historical achievement in art(6), folklore(7), science(8), and the Persian civilization(9) to the general public. Its main celebration is the Nowruz Parade and Festival in New York City. Nowruz, the New Year, is celebrated in Iran as well as many other nations such as Afghanistan (10), Uzbekistan (11), Azerbaijan(12), etc(13).

In March 2010 and after some years struggle of Persian community in United States,
The House of representative passed the Nowruz resolution (H. Res. 267) by a vote of 384 to 2. In this process, Congressman Michael Honada worked hard to promote and pass the resolution.  The resolution recognizes the cultural and historical significance of Nowruz, expresses appreciation to Persian Americans (14) for their contributions to American society, and wishes Persian Americans, the people of Iran, and all those who celebrate the holiday a prosperous new year. The passage of the resolution marks the first time that the U.S. Congress has officially recognized the Persian New Year. The Nowruz resolution is part of Persian community’s efforts to foster greater understanding of Persian culture and heritage as well as to project an accurate and positive image of the Persian American community that reflects Persian’s true values and achievements. 

Nowruz is celebrated not only in New York, but also in some other U.S cities as well as in Canada (17). One of the Major Nowruz celebrations take place every year in Los-Angeles (18) or as it’s called Tehran-geles.

Since office time of President Clinton, most of the years, the presidents of the United States of America send congratulation message directly to the Persian people and other nations who celebrate Nowruz.  Only in March 2009, President Obama sent message to Islamic regime (19) in Iran, which was a big mistake and was blamed by many Persian as well as some U.S politicians. But after all, he corrected his mistake and send message directly to the people of Iran (20)(21)(22).
  
Once The Persian parade started in 2004(15) in New York, only some hundred attendances, mainly curious passers- by and tourists showed this colourful ceremony in Madison Avenue.

Nevertheless, through the last years, until the 9th annual Parade(16) that was held along the 12 blocks of Madison Avenue on April 15th, the number of attendances grew rapidly to showcase the great Persian culture. The last Event drew a record cheering crowd of Persian Americans, curious tourists, and mainstream Americans. Many Iranians travelled across the ocean to witness this majestic event. The colourful parade, with a large number of activities, music bands, dance ensembles, flags, floats, performers, marchers, and dignitaries, was again an impressive display of Persian Pride.

Persian Parade, which is a none-profitable cultural organization with no affiliation to any political or religious group, wishes that the 10th parade will be held in 2013 in New York again and can attract even more attendances to this annual ceremony.   


To finish this small introduction of Persian Parade in New York, I attach the collection videos of Parade in 2012 in three parts. In these three sample videos, we can see that, every ethnic Persian group (23) represents it’s own Music, dance and colourful cloths. 
















Videos description:


The first video, after a short introduction, continues with the National Hymn of Iran (24) and the United States (up to minute 4:18). From 6:50 to7:20 M. Zoroastrians (25) marched with their famous school of thoughts (Good Thoughts- Good Words- Good Deeds). From 7:32 to 8:30M.the Hajji Firuz (26) danced and sang. From 8:50 to10:28 M.
Happy Nowruz Sign passed by with dance and joyful music. In 10:34 M. “ Arash the Archer” (27) that is a heroic Persian oral tradition and folklore is shown. From 11:16 one of the Persian ethnic group- Turkmen (28) people danced and showed off. From 12:19 to 2:24 M.in second video is Flag- shown, includes Persian (29), Forouhar(30) and Derafsh-kaviani(31).
The second video from 2:04 to 3:51 M. another Persian ethnic group- Armenian (32) marched. From 4:11 to 6:03, Sponsor groups and Persian school’s children showed their attendance. From 6:04 to 6:43 M. the sing of Persian Gulf (33) and bandari dance (34) went on. From 7:37- 8:14, we can watch Kurdish dance and music (35). From 8:16- 8:38,
One of the Rumi’s poem (36- 37) is recited. From 13:50- 15:30, we can get familiar with National Persian Sort- Bastani Sport (38). From 15:35- 17:24, Azari music & dance is shown.
In the third video, from 2:14- 5:57 we see one of the special Persian Dance from Tehran (39)-The capital of Persia- Baba Karam dance (40). This Parade finished with Persian National Hymn and after all, from 13:13 up to the end of this part, there was after party.


Nima N.